Read Textbook of Oral Medicine book reviews & author details and more at Anil Ghom has over 10 years of experience in the areas of Teaching. This new edition has been fully revised to bring dental students fully up to date with the latest advances in oral medicine. Divided into five. Title, Textbook of Oral Medicine. Author, Anil Ghom. Edition, 2, revised. Publisher, Jp Medical Pub, ISBN, , Length,
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Oral medicine specially focuses on the diseases of oral and paraoral structures.
Textbook Of Oral Medicine
It helps in physical and medical ghoj, head and neck examination, ani analysis, oral diagnosis and oral therapeutics for various medical conditions related to mouth.
Neoplasm refers to an abnormal mass of tissue that arises from an abnormal proliferation of cells. Infection control protocol should be carried out for dental unit design, patient evaluation, personal protection, disinfection and sterilization, disposal of wastes, formal education and training, immunization and water quality.
A detailed and complete case history is important for making correct diagnosis of the disease. Diseases of oral structure include teeth anomalies, keratotic and non-keratotic lesions, cysts of orofacial region, odontogenic tumors, malignant tumors of ora region orofacial pain, etc. Systemic diseases manifested in jaws can be the result of different infections, syndromes or disorders related to hormone, blood etc.
Vast array of drugs such as antibiotics, anticancer drugs, antiviral drugs, corticosteroid, as well orall banned drugs used in dentistry, drugs used in pregnancy and emergency drugs are discussed. In addition, miscellaneous topics like forensic dentistry, halitosis, syndromes of oral cavity, geriatrics and controversial diseases are highlighted.
In the study of oral and dental sciences, oral pathology is the subject that concentrates on the morphologic changes in oral tissues which cause diseases and the mechanisms of the disease process. The topics like mmedicine, stains and routine as well as special investigations are noteworthy.
The lots of updated information in the book will be helpful to undergraduates, postgraduates and also for practising dental fraternity. The clinical photographs, microphotographs and line diagrams incorporated in the book are definitely useful for in-depth understanding of the subject.
The book gives an extensive coverage and emphasizes on detailed description, adequate well-labeled illustrations, flow charts, recent developments and molecular aspects. Aside from msdicine pathology in general, the initial phase of the book includes the basics of the embryology, anatomy and pathology. The study of microscope, tissue processing, diagnostic tests and advanced techniques are also included.
Special attraction in the book is the multiple choice questions at the end of each chapter and the points to remember. Tumor is a new growth representing the tissue of origin. If these are left untreated, some of the oral lesions or neoplasms may lead to extensive tissue destruction and deformity. An oral tumor comprises of a plethora of lesions with varied miscellaneous etiologies some of which are true neoplasms and some are reactive lesions.
Soft tissue benign tumors pres Soft tissue benign tumors present as well defined mass of regular smooth outline and it possesses a fibrous capsule. The benign tumors are classified as epithelial tissue, fibrous connective tissue, cartilage tissue, adipose tissue, bone, vascular tissue, neural tissue, muscles, giant cell tumors and teratoma.
This chapter is concerned with the clinical features, diagnosis, and management of localized nonmalignant growths of the oral cavity.
The major clinical consideration in the management of all of these tumors is to identify their benign nature and to distinguish them from potentially life-threatening malignant lesions. Benign tumors, oral tumor, soft tissue benign tumors, epithelial tissue, cartilage tissue, vascular tissue, neural tissue, giant cell tumors, teratoma [Less].
Any alternation from the normal metabolic process causes disturbances of metabolism. The chapter discusses such metabolic diseases in human body. Disturbances in protein metabolism include Marasmus or kwashiorkor disease, Amyloidosis and Porphyria.
Disturbances in mineral metabolism include Acrodermatitis enteropathica and Hypophosphatasia. There are mainly two types of muscular dystrophy: Severe generalized muscular dystrophy is described as a rapidly progressive muscle disease, usually beginning in early childhood and presenting a strong familial transmission. Mild restricted muscular dystrophy is a slowly progressive proximal myopathy which primarily involves the muscles of shoulder and face Mild restricted muscular dystrophy is a slowly progressive proximal myopathy which primarily involves the muscles of shoulder and face and has a weak familial incidence.
Myasthenia Gravis is an autoimmune disease characterized by progressive weakness of the skeletal muscles, particularly those innervated by the cranial nerves. Dermatomyositis is characterized by a gradual onset with vague and indefinite prodromata, followed by edema, dermatitis, myositis and sometimes neuritis and mucositis.
Facial pain is due to Trigeminal neuralgia, Geniculate neuralgia, Atypical facial pain, Neuralgia-inducing Cavitational osteonecrosis, Cluster headache, Migraine, Temporal arteritis and Burning mouth syndrome. Precancerous lesions are defined as a morphologically altered tissue in which cancer is more likely to occur, than its apparently normal counter parts.
Precancerous condition is defined as a generalized state or condition associated with significantly increased risk for cancer development. The entire epithelial surface of the upper aerodigestive tract has an The entire epithelial surface of the upper aerodigestive tract has an increased risk for the development of pre malignant lesions because of multiple genetic abnormalities in the whole tissue region and widespread migration of transformed cells through the whole aerodigestive tract.
The two types of migration that can be involved are migration of tumor cells and intraepithelial migration. The examples of precancerous lesions are leukoplakia, erythroplakia, mucosal changes associated with smoking habits, carcinoma in situ, Bowen disease, and actinic keratosis, cheilitis and elastosis.
The examples of precancerous conditions are oral submucous fibrosis OSMFsyphilis, sideropenic dysplasia, oral lichen planus, dyskeratosis congenita and lupus erythematosus. All these precancerous lesions and conditions are discussed in detail. Precancerous lesions, precancerous conditions, aerodigestive tract, migration of tumor cells, intraepithelial migration, leukoplakia, erythroplakia, syphilis, sideropenic dysplasia [Less]. According to epidemiological and clinicopathological perspective, the oral cancer can be divided into three categories i.
The etiology of oral cancer includes actinic radiation, familial and genetic, orodental factors, smokeless tobacco, smoking The etiology of oral cancer includes actinic radiation, familial and genetic, orodental factors, smokeless tobacco, smoking, syphilis, diet deficiency and deficiency status, trauma and virus.
The malignant tumors are classified as epithelial tumors, soft tissue tumors, hematolymphoid tumors, mucosal malignant melanoma and secondary tumors. All these malignant tumors are discussed with their etiology, clinical features and management. Malignant tumors, actinic radiation, orodental factors, epithelial tumors, hematolymphoid tumors, basal cell carcinoma, osteosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, neuroblastoma [Less].
These tumors are found exclusively within the maxillofacial skeleton or in the soft tissue gingiva overlying tooth-bearing areas or alveolar mucosa in edentulous regions.
Odontogenic tumors are classified mostly according to the tissue of origin they belong or resemble. The odontogenic tumors are classified as benign and malignant tumors. The benign tumors are further classified as odontogenic epithelium without odontogenic ectomesenchyme, odontogenic epithelium with odontogenic ectomesenchyme, with or without dental hard tissue and odontogenic ectomesenchyme with or without included odontogenic epithelium.
The malignant tumors are classified as odontogenic carcinomas, odontogenic sarcoma and odontogenic carcinosarcoma. To understand the histogenesis of the odontogenic tumors, the knowledge of process of tooth development is mandatory.
The stages of tooth development are bud stage, cap stage, dental follicle or sac, bell stage and stratum intermedium. Odontogenic tumors, ectomesenchymal elements, maxillofacial skeleton, alveolar mucosa, odontogenic carcinomas, odontogenic sarcoma, odontogenic carcinosarcoma, bud stage, cap stage, stratum intermedium [Less]. The medicolegal information obtained from the examination of teeth and jaws falls in the preview of forensic odontology.
The role of forensic odontology lies in record preparation, identification, bite mark investigation, human abuse, legal aspect and others. The dental record is a legal document of dentist which contains information about subjective and obj The dental record is a legal document of dentist which contains information about subjective and objective finding of the patient. It also includes pathological report, radiographs, and clinical photographs of the patient.
Forensic odontology is concerned with the identification of both living and deceased person. Dental comparison affords a potentially straightforward and simple means of establishing identity.
Dental evidence is used to identify the perpetrators of a crime who happened to have left their teeth marks in some substances left at the scene. Dental professional are likely to encounter more victims of physical, neglective sexual and psychological abuse. Dentist is the expert witness in case of legal procedures. Forensic odontology, bite mark investigation, dental record, dental comparison, dental evidence, dental identification [Less].
Textbook of Oral Medicine – Anil Ghom – Google Books
A cyst is an abnormal cavity in hard and soft tissue which contains fluid, semifluid, or ofal and is often encapsulated and lined by epithelium. The cyst is classified as epithelial developmental, inflammatory and nonodontogenic cystsnonepithelial simple and aneurysmal bone cystcysts associated with maxillary antrum and cysts of the soft tissue of the The cyst is classified ani epithelial developmental, inflammatory and nonodontogenic cystsnonepithelial simple and aneurysmal bone cystcysts associated with maxillary antrum and cysts of the soft tissue of the mouth, face anjl neck branchial cleft cyst, thyroglossal duct cyst.
The medjcine involved in formation of cysts are the attraction of fluid into the cystic cavity, the retention of fluid into the cavity, the production of raised internal hydrostatic pressure and the resorption of surrounding bone with an increase in the size of bone cavity. The treatment of cysts is done by regression of cysts without surgical treatment, marsupialization of dental cysts and enucleation.
In this chapter various cysts of orofacial regions are discussed such as dentigerous cyst, eruption cyst, odontogenic keratocyst, nasoplalatine cyst, retention cyst, branchial cleft cyst, thymic cyst, parasitic cyst, hydatid cyst etc. Ghoom of orofacial regions, epithelial cysts, nonepithelial cysts, maxillary antrum cysts, cysts of soft tissue, enucleation, dentigerous cyst, nasoplalatine cyst, retention cyst [Less].
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